The Road Less Travelled: Cairo’s Camel Market

Yes, it’s kind of stereotypical in an exotic way: the idea of riding a camel to traverse the expanses of Northern Africa. Being part of a bedouin caravan that moves across the backdrop of an unforgiving desert, lush green oasis, or crumbling pyramids. It’s such a deeply ingrained notion that many travellers would render a visit to Egypt incomplete without a must-have photo (or encounter at least) with nature’s even-toed ungulate. Preferably in front of the Sphinx or the Great Pyramid of Giza.

Well, if you long for the opportunity to do something unique in Egypt and crave a close encounter with a dromedary – or several in one go – this is your chance.

Why are baby animals so damn cute?

Located 35 kilometers west of Cairo is the Birqash Camel Market (Souq al-Gamaal). It’s exactly what the name implies: a market for the sale and trade of camels. Camels that are used for transport. Camels that are used for work purposes (farming), and yes…camels that are used for human consumption.

Getting ready to strut on the catwalk.

Hundreds of camels are sold and/or traded at the market on a daily basis. The majority of camels are from Sudan – with some from Somalia – and they enter Egypt by way of the Abu Simbel road in the south. Those that aren’t sold at the Daraw market near Aswan are given a second chance and transported to Birqash.

Merchants come from all across the country (sometimes beyond, such as Libya) to do business at the market. This includes young boys – some no older than 10 – who learn the trade from their fathers, and farmers from nearby villages who bring livestock such as sheep, goats and chickens to trade.

The waiting area. Camels get to have a snack before going up for auction.

The buyers and the sellers. It’s such a fascinating scene to observe.

Foreigners/travellers are charged a fee to enter the market, which runs about 30 LE/per person. If you have a DSLR hanging off your shoulder you may be expected to cough up some additional cash, but I wouldn’t pay more than 10/15 LE per camera. Though the market is traditionally a male-dominated sphere, visitors (especially females) don’t really encounter any harassment. The men are too busy looking at the camels and trying to get the best deal to be bothered by the presence of curious foreigners.

The whole family gets involved.

Local merchants also hawk their goods at the market, the goods being mainly water, peanuts, chips and…meat. Yes, there’s camel for sale sometimes, though I can’t say I’ve tried it. There’s also camel milk available, which isn’t for your average Intolerant, or anyone with a queasy stomach for that matter. I’ve taken a good sniff of the milk which gives off an overpowering sour stench. The taste – I’m told – is equally cringe worthy.

Some of the local farmers have livestock on offer, which is much better quality than what you buy in the supermarket. The first time I visited Birqash my travel guru friend @eveningfrits bought a goat that had been blessed and slaughtered just as we were heading out of the souk. Though the conditions weren’t overly sterile, the knife and cutting board were clean and we waited a good half hour as the meat was properly bled and sectioned off. Frits procured a leg and a bit of the flank for roughly 60 LE (10 USD) and the meat was so fresh that I swear to God/Allah/Jesus/Buddha I saw a few veins still pumping the whole drive home.

Frits seasoned and stewed the meat with much care, and though I wasn’t planning on eating any (I kept thinking “poor goat, poor little goat”) I did try some in the end. Though I may sound like a pompous, carnivorous prick, I don’t really care: it was some of the best goat I have EVER had.

A pre-auction grooming in order to attract the right price.

Heading to a new home.

Given that the animals are not treated all that kindly, those who are faint of heart – along with any PETA activists – should either avoid the camel market or endure the visit with a modicum of grace and tolerance. While I don’t agree with way the camels are handled, I’m glad I’ve made the visit as spending a morning at Birqash provides a fascinating look into life outside of Egypt’s urban centers and tourist hubs. It’s a sobering reminder of how layered and diverse Egyptian society really is.

Sadly the camels that don’t make it are left by the wayside.

Ready for resale.

*All photos were taken by the multi-talented @eveningfrits*


  1. We skipped the camel market in Egypt a few months ago. We had heard it was awful for animal lovers and we were into our fourth week of being harassed by every man that glanced in our direction. We didn’t think we could take the market after constantly being offered a million camels for our daughter!! I regret not going though! I really wanted to see it! Thanks for these great photos. I’ve been able to live vicariously through you for a bit!

    1. Hi Tracey, thanks for your thoughtful comment. It’s a shame you weren’t able to check it out. I’m not at all a fan of how they treat the animals and am 250% intolerant to the harassment that women face on a daily basis, but I’m glad to have had the chance to see such a different (and perhaps more representative) side of life in Egypt. If you have the chance to come to Cairo again, do make the camel market a stop on your agenda!

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